»That makes the house look really old!«

Jonas: »Pit, I can't wait until you make the railway station look older?«

Pit: »Jonas, that is something I enjoy doing most. When I can give the buildings their individual coating. Meanwhile however, that is not required in all cases as some of the FALLER construction kits are already patinated.«
Original construction kit - not patinated
Patinated construction kit

It needs to be learned

Why patinate?

Contrary to painting with opaque colours, only very thin coat of paint is applied when patinating. No film forms which can peel off and the surface structures of the parts which are painted are maintained. The surface structures are even highlighted significantly clearer because of the transparent effect of the colours. Brickwork, roof tiles, wood grains and similar fine profiles are often not as visible as they are until after having been treated in such a manner. Therefore, patination is used for the optical improvement of model buildings, bridges and steel structures in model making.

Conditional of manufacturing, plastic construction kit parts almost always have a minimal shine. Apart from a more or less precisely precalculable marbling, the parts are also always unicoloured. Plastic models which come out of the box without having been colour-treated therefore appear to be not only new but sometimes even a bit colourful based on the model.

Apart from the material-caused, too bright colouring, the consistent gloss level also influences the natural effect of the models because contrary to the original the distinction between the sections with dull matt finish (exterior walls of the house, roofs) and semi gloss structural elements (windows, doors, metal parts) is missing. If you take an observant look at reality, colours appear to be harmonious and therefore natural. We should also strive to achieve this in model designing.

When striving for a preferably lifelike appearance of the models, it is imperative to observe the following: Patination does not simply mean soiling but rather to specifically apply traces of weathering and ageing.

The purpose which the building serves and its location must always be thought of for the degree of patination. Industrial facilities or ones located at steam engine depots are for instance always significantly more soiled than a family home in the countryside or a well-kept townhouse!
The cut edges are assimilated in terms of colour.
Wooden parts can also be patinated
Correct gloss level

The first prerequisite for our approach is the correct gloss level. The walls and roofs should have a matte look. If necessary, it may therefore be useful to paint surfaces that do not quite appear the right colour to cover them fully as a first step. This first step is best done on the moulding. Acrylic paints from the Vallejo programme can be used for this, for example.

The paint basis of acrylic paints does not affect foamed plastics such as polystyrene or Styrodur. Acrylic paints are therefore perfectly suited to the painting and patination of FALLER construction kits and components made from Decorflex such as wall panels, arcades or tunnel portals. This is also necessary due to the fact that cut edges and joints that occur when assembling and/or individually forming the foamed parts need to be colour matched. When using acrylic paints, unlike solvent-based paints, the material is not affected! So, if you colour the so-called Decorflex products, always pay attention to the paint basis, as only water-based acrylic paints are suitable!

If you wish to skip this step, you could alternatively apply specific weathering and ageing effects with the Colour pigment patina-set .
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